By Marina Renton
The numbers are striking: Recent double-digit rises around the country in long-familiar sexually transmitted diseases — gonorrhea, HIV, even the old scourge of syphilis.
Perhaps even more striking is what Thomas Bertrand of the Rhode Island Department of Health said recently about the rising numbers on Here & Now: “I would not call it a crisis, I’d call it a new normal right now, and we need to push against it.”
Last month, the Rhode Island Department of Health put out a press release with its data from 2013 to 2014: Reported cases of infectious syphilis increased 79 percent, gonorrhea cases increased 30 percent, and newly diagnosed HIV cases increased 33 percent.
While these figures are dramatic, particularly the increase in syphilis, it’s important to remember that year-to-year changes aren’t always the best data to look at, said Bertrand, who is chief of the office of HIV, STDs, Viral Hepatitis, and Tuberculosis for the state Department of Health. It’s better to examine a period of five to 10 years, he says.
But those numbers don’t look good either: Since 2009, Rhode Island, along with the rest of the country, has seen increases in chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, Bertrand said in a phone interview. “We mirror the national trends in general.”
“The acceleration or the increase may be a little bit steeper in Rhode Island than the rest of the country, but just a little bit,” he added.
Can swiping right lead to STDs?
The Rhode Island Department of Health’s statement mentions the use of hookup apps as a “high-risk behavior” that could be associated with the increase in STDs. However: “We don’t have data to say that the use of social media or the people who use it are more infectious or transmitting disease more than people who don’t,” Bertrand said.
But the apps do add to tracking problems: When people use social media such as Tinder and Grindr to arrange hookups, the encounter can be casual and brief, so people don’t share much information, Bertrand said. So, when someone is diagnosed with an STD, he or she might not be able to provide contact information for his or her sexual partners, making it harder to curb the spread of the disease.
Given the use of social media to arrange sexual encounters, there is opportunity for the health department to move online, Bertrand said. Continue reading