With the tragic death by suicide of transgender teenager Leelah Alcorn still in the news, Boston researchers are reporting that many transgender youth may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of mental health-related problems.
The new study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health found that transgender youth faced a higher risk of being diagnosed with a mental illness or related problem, compared to non-transgender teens.
Specifically, the study says:
Compared with non-transgender youth, transgender youth had an elevated probability of being diagnosed with depression (50.6% vs. 20.6%); suffering from anxiety (26.7% vs. 10%); attempting suicide (17.2% vs. 6.1%); and engaging in self-harming activities without lethal intent (16.7% vs. 4.4%).
Researchers suggest that primary care doctors should address gender identity more directly and routinely screen transgender adolescents for mental health concerns.
Sari Reisner, a research scientist at the Fenway Institute who was the lead author on the survey, says gender affirming care by pediatricians can have a positive impact on a child’s future mental health outcomes:
“Gender affirmation is a very important part of a person’s identity. If a person is not being seen for who they are it can be very distressing. So pediatricians present a very important entry point into care and can get youth who need services to the right place.”
According to the study:
…it is recommended that primary care providers include gender identity as part of a basic patient history. Training programs and continuing education programs for primary care providers and mental health providers should include gender identity education.
Providers should familiarize themselves with community resources for transgender youth.
Patients with a transgender identity or history should be recognized as having higher risk for mental health concerns and should be carefully screened and evaluated.
Patients identiﬁed with co-occurring transgender identity and mental health concerns should be seen by a mental health provider who is qualiﬁed to provide evidence-based care with sensitivity to the diversity of gender identity and expression.