headaches

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Got A Headache? Study Finds Flaws In Treatment, ‘Alarming’ Rise In Imaging Tests

(19melissa68/Flickr)

(19melissa68/Flickr)

Sometimes less really is more. A case in point: the treatment of routine headaches.

Doctors are increasingly ordering pricey, advanced imaging tests and referring patients to specialists, which, it turns out, offers little help to headache sufferers, a new study concludes.

Researchers from Boston’s Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggest that patients might be better served (and the health care system might save money) by instead focusing more on lifestyle changes for people seeking headache relief.

For the study, published online in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, researchers used a nationally representative database to analyze practice patterns among physicians treating headache patients.

I asked the lead author, John N. Mafi, MD, a fellow in the Division of General Medicine and Primary Care at BIDMC, to sum up the bottom line results. Here (slightly edited) is his emailed response:

“…We found alarming rises in use of advanced imaging (CT/MRI), referrals to other physicians (presumably specialists), and a decline in first-line recommended life-style modification counseling, meant to prevent headaches. We also saw no change in use of discouraged medications, with opioids and barbiturates ordered in about 18% of visits throughout the study period.

These findings represent alarming trends in the management of headache, and to me, they reflect a larger trend in the U.S. healthcare system where over-hurried doctors are ordering more tests, more medications, more referrals to specialists and less time talking and connecting with their patients.

To me this suggests that the visit-based model of healthcare is broken, Continue reading