By Judy Foreman
Pain relievers are in the news again — and the news isn’t great.
Acetaminophen, the active ingredient in Tylenol, is the focus of a series of scary investigative articles by ProPublica, the online new organization. The bottom line of the series: about 150 people per year die from accidentally taking too much acetaminophen, and even though the line between a therapeutic dose and a dangerous dose is slim, the FDA (and the drug companies that sell the products) have done little to warn consumers.
To be sure, treating pain with any medication is an intrinsically dicey, though often necessary, business. Opioids can reduce pain, though not entirely, and carry the risk of dependence, immune and hormonal changes and, in some cases, abuse and overdose.
In some ways, acetaminophen is the slipperiest of all the pain medications to understand because it’s not just in over-the-counter medications such as Tylenol, but in a whopping 600 prescription and OTC products, including cough syrup and in combination pain-relievers such as Vicodin, a mix of acetaminophen and hydrocodone. Continue reading